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When species share structures that are similar because of their function and not common evolutionary descent These structures are?

Homologous features Physical features shared due to evolutionary history (a common ancestor) are said to be homologous. To give one classic example, the forelimbs of whales, humans, birds, and dogs look pretty different on the outside. That’s because they’re adapted to function in different environments.

What is the most likely reason that horses and mountain goats have hooves They have homologous structures because they have a common ancestor they have analogous structures because they have a common ancestor these are vestigial structures in both animals because?

The homologous structures need not look the same but they are mostly similar. They also need not perform the same function. The underlying fact is that they are similar. The reason as to why mountain goats and horses have hooves is because they have a common ancestry.

What is most likely the reason that horses and mountain goats have hooves?

What is the most likely reason that horses and mountain goats have hooves? They have homologous structures because they have a common ancestor. Whales have what seem like remnants of a pelvis and femur, as shown here.

Which is a field that can provide evidence of evolution?

Fossils provide a window into the past. They are evidence for evolution. Scientists who find and study fossils are called paleontologists. Scientists compare the anatomy, embryos, and DNA of living things to understand how they evolved.

What lists the correct order of evolutionary history?

The lists of the correct order of evolutionary history is Jellyfish, Reptiles, Mammals. This three are classified as vertebrates and all I know that almost all the animals we know are vertebrates.

Why do gradualism and punctuated equilibrium have in common?

What do gradualism and punctuated equilibrium have in common? They are both explanations of the rate of evolutionary change. Transitional forms show the evolutionary steps between species.

What type of evolution occurs at a slow constant rate?

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Question Answer
the hypothesis that evolution occurs at a slow, constant rate is known as gradualism
the hypothesis that evolution occurs at an irregular rate through geologic time is known as punctuated equilibrium

Is Evolution a gradual process?

Charles Darwin understood that evolution was a slow and gradual process. By gradual, Darwin did not mean “perfectly smooth,” but rather, “stepwise,” with a species evolving and accumulating small variations over long periods of time until a new species was born.

Does the fossil record show evolution as a slow gradual process?

If evolution is slow and steady, we’d expect to see the entire transition, from ancestor to descendant, displayed as transitional forms over a long period of time in the fossil record. When evolution is rapid, transitional forms may not be preserved, even if fossils are laid down at regular intervals.

What is the central main idea behind evolution?

The theory of evolution is based on the idea that all species? are related and gradually change over time. Evolution relies on there being genetic variation? in a population which affects the physical characteristics (phenotype) of an organism.

What are two patterns of macroevolution?

Two important patterns of macroevolution are adaptive radiation and convergent evolution.

What are the 7 patterns of macroevolution?

Patterns in macroevolution include stasis, speciation, lineage character change, and extinction. Macroevolution (large-scale evolutionary change) occurs in defined patterns, including stasis, speciation, lineage character change, and extinction (a loss of all members of a particular group).

What are the 6 main patterns of macroevolution?

There Are Six Important Patterns of Macroevolution:

  • Mass Extinctions.
  • Adaptive Radiation.
  • Convergent Evolution.
  • Coevolution.
  • Punctuated Equilibrium.
  • Developmental Gene Changes.

What is macroevolution example?

Occurs at the level of the species or above. Such changes often span long periods of time (but can also happen rapidly). Examples of macroevolution include: the origin of eukaryotic life forms; the origin of humans; the origin of eukaryotic cells; and extinction of the dinosaurs.

What is best evidence for macroevolution?

Fossils show evidence that life forms found in the lower layers of the rock layers are generally simpler than fossils found in higher levels providing indirect evidence of macro evolution. Fossils provide perhaps the best evidence of macro evolution.

What is true macroevolution?

What is true of macroevolution? It is evolution above the species level. The biological species is the largest unit of population in which successful interbreeding is possible.

What causes macroevolution?

Macroevolution refers to evolution of groups larger than an individual species. The basic evolutionary mechanisms — mutation, migration, genetic drift, and natural selection — can produce major evolutionary change if given enough time. Download this, and the graphic at the top of the page, from the Image library.

Why is macroevolution important?

Why is it important? Understanding macroevolution is important because it explains both the diversity of life and the pace of evolutionary change. In other words, mutation, migration, genetic drift, and natural selection can produce major evolutionary changes given enough time.

What are the principles of macroevolution?

Macroevolution refers to evolutionary principles and processes at higher taxonomic levels and on longer time scales. It is concerned with the origins of higher taxa, with explanation of evolutionary trends, and with rates of evolution.