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Formal APA Writing Style APA writing style needs to be formal. Avoid using slang words and avoid contractions, such as ‘don’t’, ‘won’t’, couldn’t. ‘ Whilst APA is trying to move towards a more personal style, that does not mean informality, as if you were writing a friendly e-mail.
In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Six or More Authors: Use the first author’s name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses.
used in academic papers is in references, both for in-text citations and in the reference list. For example, you might see the phrase, “Horowitz et al. (2012) published ground-breaking research,” which means that Horowitz and others published the research.
In MLA style, a comma is generally only used before et al. in the “Author” slot of works-cited-list entries when the author’s first and last names are reversed: Burdick, Anne, et al.
Use only the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, for every use of the reference. List all authors up to 19 names. For 21 or more authors, include the first 19, then an ellipsis – – followed by the last author’s name.
What is the difference between APA 6th and APA 7th referencing…
General Format Rules – APA 7 Entire Paper The page header consists of the title of your paper left justified and the page number right justified. Every page including the reference list should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5″ x 11″) with 1″ margins on all sides.
APA format refers to the precise rules of generating your article, manuscript, or term paper by using the rules set forth in the Publication Manual. An EasyGuide to APA Style is written for students who are learning to write in APA style using APA format.
Abbreviations should be used at least 3 times within the paper. If you are not using the abbreviation at least 3 times, do not abbreviate. Instead, spell out the word or phrase completely each time you use it in the paper. Do not introduce abbreviations within headings.
the American Psychological Association
Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, i.e., in the same place you would begin a new paragraph.
Block quotes are used for direct quotations that are longer than 40 words. They should be offset from the main text and do not include quotation marks. Introduce the block quote on a new line. Indent the entire quote ½ inch or 5-7 spaces; the block quote may be single-spaced.
An example of a block quote includes any passage you cite that is more than 40 words. The block quote consists of a lead-in line, and it is set off with a 1/2 inch indent for the entire passage. You also need to include a citation, either at the beginning or end of the passage.
Long quotations For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented 1/2 inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing.
Throughout your paper, you need to apply the following APA format guidelines:
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An example of a quotation is when you take a passage from Shakespeare and repeat it as written without changing any of the words. An example of a quotation for a stock is the price of $24.56-$24.58. A passage quoted. A passage, from an authority, that is quoted, cited, and attributed to its source.
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“Wherever you go, no matter what the weather, always bring your own sunshine.” “If you want light to come into your life, you need to stand where it is shining.” “Success is the sum of small efforts repeated day in and day out.” “Happiness is the only thing that multiplies when you share it.”
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Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don’t fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.
One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler.
Et al.: “et al.” is used in the first in-text citation for works with three or more authors. Up to 20 authors cited: In the reference list, give the surnames and initials for up to 20 authors. Website names: Website names are now included as well as the webpage title.
APA Style provides fairly comprehensive guidelines for writing academic papers regardless of subject or discipline. However, traditionally, APA is most frequently used by writers and students in: Social Sciences, such as Psychology, Linguistics, Sociology, Economics, and Criminology.
APA Style provides a foundation for effective scholarly communication because it helps writers present their ideas in a clear, precise, and inclusive manner.