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What were the reasons for the growth and development of cities?

Some of the main factors that have led to grow of cities are: (i) Surplus Resources (ii) Industrialization and Commercialization (iii) Development of Transport and Communication (iv) Economic Pull of the City (v) Educational and Recreational Facilities.

Why did cities grow larger during the Industrial Revolution?

Industrialization has historically led to urbanization by creating economic growth and job opportunities that draw people to cities. Urbanization typically begins when a factory or multiple factories are established within a region, thus creating a high demand for factory labor.

Why is the population of cities increasing?

Some of which are: increasing birth rates and decreasing death rates. improved health care in many developing countries leading to longer life expectancies. employment opportunities are greater within urban areas.

What caused the population increase of urban areas in the developing world?

Rural to urban migration is often viewed as the main cause of urban growth. However, the urban and rural populations of a country can change as a result of births, deaths, migration and reclassification of areas resulting from changes of the boundaries defining urban and rural areas.

How can urbanization be prevented?

Involve local community in local government. Reduce air pollution by upgrading energy use and alternative transport systems. Create private-public partnerships to provide services such as waste disposal and housing. Plant trees and incorporate the care of city green spaces as a key element in urban planning.

How does population growth affect urbanization?

Slums and informal settlements: The failure of urban planning and investment in infrastructure in the face of rapid urbanization and population growth has resulted in the development of slums and informal settlements in cities across the globe.

How does urbanization affect climate change?

“Urban growth feeds increased commercialisation and industrialisation which will increase the use of fossil fuels. An increase in the use of fossil fuels will add to global warming and contribute to climate change,” said Lee. As one leads to the other, this can increase global warming.

How will climate change affect our economy?

A 2017 survey of independent economists looking at the effects of climate change found that future damage estimates range “from 2% to 10% or more of global GDP per year.” The Stern Review for the British Government also predicted that world GDP would be reduced by several percent due to climate related costs; among the …

How does a city affect local climate conditions?

In general, urbanized areas are warmer than surrounding areas due to the absorption of heat by pavement as well as increased emission of heat pollution from refrigeration and combustion. So we can expect temperatures and rainfall to increase from just changes in urbanization.

Why is Urbanisation important for the economic development of countries?

For the many poor in developing countries, cities embody the hope for a better and more prosperous life. The inflow of poor rural residents into cities has created hubs of urban poverty. The strong positive correlation between the degree of urbanization of a country and its per-capita income has long been recognized.

When did Urbanisation start in China?

From 1962 to 1978, it is estimated that almost 18 million urban youth moved to the countryside. However, after reforms were launched at the end of 1978, urban population growth began to accelerate. The inflow of foreign direct investment created massive employment opportunities, which fostered urban population growth.

How has urban population growth affected rural areas in China?

Since China’s reform in 1978, the country has experienced dramatic urbanization and economic growth. The expanding population is taking a toll on rural farmers and the quality of farmland, and the increase of urban population has caused negative changes in China’s land due to an Urban Heat Island Effect (Jishe, He…).

What percent of China’s population lives in urban areas?

60 percent

What should we understand about urbanization in China?

China’s extraordinary economic boom has gone hand-in-hand with urbanization. In 1950 13% of people in China lived in cities. By 2010, the urban share of the population had grown to 45%; it’s projected to reach 60% by 2030. Urbanization, in turn, is reshaping both the physical environment and the cultural fabric.

What is China’s most populated city?

Shanghai

What is Wuhan famous for?

Famous for its 3,500 years of cultural history, the city is the cradle of urban civilisation in the Yangtze River basin and the oriental tea harbour of the ancient Tea Road. Wuhan is known for its expertise in bridge and high-speed rail engineering, resilient urban planning and high-tech industries.

Which city is the biggest city in the world?

Tokyo

What is a 1st tier city?

First-tier cities represent the most developed areas of the country with the most affluent and sophisticated consumers. They are large, densely populated urban metropolises that have huge economic, cultural and political influence in China.