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A gerund is the ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. For example, Running is fun. In this sentence, running is the gerund. It acts just like a noun.
Types of gerundsSubjects.Predicate Nominative.Direct object.Object of preposition.
noun. a word or group of words representing the person or thing upon which the action of a verb is performed or toward which it is directed: in English, generally coming after the verb, without a preposition. In He saw it the pronoun it is the direct object of saw.
An “-ing” word at the start of a sentence is not wrong, if it is used in the correct way. Often authors use an “-ing” word, also called a gerund, to avoid using the word “I” too much.
Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. For example: “Do you mind my borrowing these supplies?” At a quick glance, borrowing could easily be labeled as a verb. However, when working as a gerund, borrowing is now a noun.
A gerund (/ˈdʒɛrənd, -ʌnd/ abbreviated GER) is any of various nonfinite verb forms in various languages; most often, but not exclusively, one that functions as a noun. In English, it has the properties of both verb and noun, such as being modifiable by an adverb and being able to take a direct object.
A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “-ing.” The gerund form of the verb “read” is “reading.” You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Examples: Reading helps you learn English. subject of sentence.
A gerund always ends in “ing”; a verbal noun can have other endings. A gerund can take objects; a verbal noun cannot. A gerund is never plural; a verbal noun sometimes is. A gerund is never modified by an adjective; a verbal noun can be.
You use the ing form after some verbs such as enjoy, admit, appreciate, can’t stand / help / bear, deny, avoid, mind, understand, consider, finish, imagine and resent. For example, “I can’t stand doing nothing”, or “She denied breaking the copier”. With other verbs, use the gerund after a preposition.
Gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun in a sentence. Gerund = the present participle (-ing) form of the verb, e.g., singing, dancing, running. Infinitive = to + the base form of the verb, e.g., to sing, to dance, to run.
Gerunds function as nouns in the sentence. Typically, a gerund is used as a “thing” or an “idea,” and gerunds always end in “-ing”. They can function as subjects, direct objects, objects of the preposition, and predicate nouns. Gerunds can appear by themselves, or they can be part of a larger gerund phrase.
A gerund is a noun made from a verb root plus ing (a present participle). A whole gerund phrase functions in a sentence just like a noun, and can act as a subject, an object, or a predicate nominative.
A gerund is a type of verbal that ends in -ing and is used like a noun. Examples of gerunds include actions like chewing, writing, whispering, and snoring. Similar to infinitives, gerunds can also function as the subject of the sentence, the direct object, or as the subject complement.
A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. (The other two are participles and infinitives.) A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase.
When it comes to gerunds and participles, less is more. Nouns ending in -ing are gerunds. Verbs and adjectives ending in -ing are participles.
Since gerunds are not verbs, they cannot replace verbs. A sentence that contains only a gerund is actually missing a main verb. Any sentence on the SAT or the ACT that includes only a gerund is automatically incorrect.
Seeing is a gerund used as a noun, the subject of the sentence.
Note also that some adjectives also end in -ly, including costly, deadly, friendly, kindly, likely, lively, manly, and timely. The modifying words very and extremely are themselves adverbs. They are called DEGREE ADVERBS because they specify the degree to which an adjective or another adverb applies.
AcronymDefinitionLYLast YearLYLady (British title of nobility)LYLove YaLYLangley (energy distribution measurement unit)11
Common Adverbs Ending with -lyaccidentally.accusingly.adamantly.angrily.anxiously.argumentatively.automatically.badly.