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What happens to the conductivity of semiconductor with the rise in temperature compare with the conductivity of metals?

The electrical conductivity of a metal decreases with rise in temperature while that of a semiconductor increases. Hence, conductivity decreases. In case of semiconductors, with increase of temperature , more electrons can shift from valence band to conduction band. Hence, conductivity increases.

What is an intrinsic semiconductor How does the conductivity of an intrinsic semiconductor change with temperature?

The electrons reaching at the conduction band move randomly. This behaviour of the semiconductor shows that they have a negative temperature coefficient of resistance. This means that with the increase in temperature, the resistivity of the material decreases and the conductivity increases.

How do the conductivity of metals and semiconductor depends on temperature?

So even though mobility decreases, the exponential increase in the number of charge carriers will dominate. Conclusion: The electrical conductivity of a semiconductor will increase exponentially with an increase in temperature!

Why the semiconductors and conductors behave differently in term of conductivity when temperature rises?

When temperature is increased in case of a semiconductor the free electron gets more energy to cross the energy gap to the conduction band from the valence now more electrons can go easily to the conduction band so resistance decreases with temperature.

Does conductivity depend on temperature?

The conductivity invariably increases with increasing temperature, opposite to metals but similar to graphite. It is affected by the nature of the ions, and by viscosity of the water.

What are the effect of temperature on resistance?

When we increases the temperature the amplitude of vibration of atoms increases as result of which the number of collision among the electrons and atom increases, and hence resistances increases.

Why does the resistance of a thermistor change with temperature?

Surely, upon an increase in temperature, the atoms within the thermistor would vibrate with more energy and therefore more vigorously, hence making the electrons flowing through the electric circuit more likely to collide with one of the atoms, so increasing resistance.

How does resistance depend on length?

The resistance of a wire is directly proportional to its length and inversely proportional to its cross-sectional area. Resistance also depends on the material of the conductor. The resistance of a conductor, or circuit element, generally increases with increasing temperature.

Why is length directly proportional to resistance?

As the length increases, the number of collisions by the moving free electrons with the fixed positive ions increases as more number of fixed positive ions are present in an increased length of the conductor. As a result, resistance increases.

Does the length of wire affect resistance?

The resistance of a long wire is greater than the resistance of a short wire because electrons collide with more ions as they pass through. The relationship between resistance and wire length is proportional .

How does the resistance of wire depends on its radius?

We know that the resistance of a wire is inversely proportional to the cross-sectional area of the wire. This means that the resistance of the wire and radius of the wire is inversely proportional to each other. Therefore, as the radius increases, the resistance of wire decreases.

What is one example of resistance desirable?


Term The first recorded references to static electricity and lightning were made over 2,500 years ago by Definition Greek Philosophers
Term State one example when resistance is desirable. Definition Electric heater or a light bulb

Is the resistance Good or bad?

Resistance can be both good and bad. If we are trying to transmit electricity efficiently from one place to another through a conductor, resistance is undesirable in the conductor. However, it is resistance that allows us to use electricity for heat and light.

What is the full form of EMF?

Electromotive force (EMF) is equal to the terminal potential difference when no current flows. EMF and terminal potential difference (V) are both measured in volts, however they are not the same thing. EMF (ϵ) is the amount of energy (E) provided by the battery to each coulomb of charge (Q) passing through.