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What are three important things wetlands can do that make them worth protecting?

Wetlands provide habitat for thousands of species of aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. Wetlands are valuable for flood protection, water quality improvement, shoreline erosion control, natural products, recreation, and aesthetics.

What causes the destruction of wetlands?

The EPA also list the following as major human causes of wetland loss: logging, runoff, air and water pollution, introducing nonnative species.

What kind of plants and animals live in wetlands?

Alligators, snakes, turtles, newts and salamanders are among the reptiles and amphibians that live in wetlands. Invertebrates, such as crayfish, shrimp, mosquitoes, snails and dragonflies, also live in wetlands, along with birds including plover, grouse, storks, herons and other waterfowl.

What birds live in the wetlands?

Waterfowl, shorebirds, wading birds, raptors, loons, grebes, cranes, woodcock, kingfishers, and many songbirds depend on wetlands during all or part of their life cycles. Wetlands associated with springs and seeps may be as small as a few square feet while some Great Lakes marshes or peatlands cover thousands of acres.

Where are wetlands found?

Wetlands exist in many kinds of climates, on every continent except Antarctica. They vary in size from isolated prairie potholes to huge salt marshes. They are found along coasts and inland. Some wetlands are flooded woodlands, full of trees.

What is the climate of wetlands?

Wetlands in temperate climates experience warm summers and cold winters. Wetlands in tropical climates may have temperatures as high as 122º F (50º C)! Wetlands receive varying amounts of rain. Some wetlands receive as little as 6 inches (15 cm) of rain each year.

What type of soil is found in wetlands?

hydric soils

What are the three types of wetlands?

Types of Wetlands

  • Marshes.
  • Swamps.
  • Bogs.
  • Fens.

What is the major characteristic of wetland soil?

Wetlands typically have three general characteristics: soggy soils, water-loving plants and water. Scientists call these: hydric soils, hydrophytic vegetation, and wetland hydrology. Hydric soils are saturated with water much of the time so are low in oxygen.

Are hydric soils wetlands?

Abstract. Hydric soils currently support or are capable of supporting wetland ecosystems. Hydric soil morphologies are the results of wetland hydrology in combination with oxidation–reduction chemical reactions and the resulting reduction potential created. Hydric soil morphologies vary with the element being reduced.