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What are the useful application of biotechnology?

Biotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas, including health care (medical), crop production and agriculture, non-food (industrial) uses of crops and other products (e.g. biodegradable plastics, vegetable oil, biofuels), and environmental uses.

What is the importance of biotechnology in society?

Like all technologies, biotechnology offers the potential of enormous benefit but also potential risks. Biotechnology could help address many global problems, such as climate change, an aging society, food security, energy security and infectious diseases, to name just a few.

What are the tools used in biotechnology?

Biotechnology Equipment for Life Science Research

  • Electrophoresis and blotting.
  • Imaging and quantitation.
  • Real-time PCR and digital PCR.
  • Transfection.
  • Flow cytometry, cell sorting, and cell counting.
  • Preparative and analytical chromatography.
  • Spectrophotometry and fluorometry.
  • Multiplex immunoassays.

What skills do you need for biotechnology?

Key skills for biotechnologists

  • Complex problem solving.
  • Team work and communication skills.
  • An investigative mind.
  • Attention to detail.
  • Innovative thinking.
  • Analytical skills.

Is Louis Pasteur father of biotechnology?

Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), the French chemist and microbiologist, is considered the actual “Father of biotechnology” by most renowned scientists of the world. It is he who had established the role of microorganisms in the fermentation process for the very first time in the 19th century.

How did Biotechnology begin?

Humans have used biotechnology since the dawn of civilization. Egyptians used yeasts to bake leavened bread, the Chinese developed fermentation techniques for brewing and cheese making, and the Aztecs used Spirulina algae to make cakes.

What was the first use of biotechnology?

1919: The word “biotechnology” is first used by a Hungarian agricultural engineer. Pfizer, which had made fortunes using fermenting processes to produce citric acid in the 1920s, turned its attention to penicillin. The massive production of penicillin was a major factor in the Allied victory in WWII.

How does biotechnology begin?

Biotechnology involves using living organisms in the production of food and medicine. It dates back several thousand years to when people inadvertently discovered the usefulness of one-celled organisms like yeasts and bacteria. Some 7,000 years ago in Mesopotamia people used bacteria to convert wine into vinegar.

Who is the founder of biotechnology in India?

In the year 1894 the first industrial application of microbial ezymes was done by Japan scientist Jokichi Takamine in USA. In the year 1986, the Department of Biotechnology was established by the Ministry of Science and Technology for the development of biotechnology in India.

Why is biotechnology important in medicine?

Research in medical biotechnology has led to increased knowledge of disease, acceleration of the treatment process, improved pharmacotherapy for infectious diseases and hope for the struggle against incurable diseases such as ALS, MS and Alzheimer’s 1 .

What is the importance of biotechnology in agriculture?

Biotechnology allows farmers to grow more food on less land using farming practices that are environmentally sustainable. Through biotechnology: Seeds yield more per acre, plants naturally resist specific insect pests and diseases, and farming techniques improve soil conservation.

What can biotechnology do to agriculture?

Biotechnology is being used to address problems in all areas of agricultural production and processing. This includes plant breeding to raise and stabilize yields; to improve resistance to pests, diseases and abiotic stresses such as drought and cold; and to enhance the nutritional content of foods.