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The four special features of cotton textile industry in India are: (i) It is oldest and largest industry in India. (ii) It is widespread industry found almost in all states of India. (iii) This industry provides employment opportunities both in rural and urban areas.
The four special features of cotton textile industry in India are: i It is oldest and largest industry in India. ii It is widespread industry found almost in all states of India. iii This industry provides employment opportunities both in rural and urban areas.
Cotton fibers are natural hollow fibers; they are soft, cool, known as breathable fibers and absorbent. Cotton fibers can hold water 24–27 times their own weight. They are strong, dye absorbent and can stand up against abrasion wear and high temperature. In one word, cotton is comfortable.
In a developing country like India, the Cotton Textile Industry is very important, for it has to meet the demand for clothes of the Indians and exports too. The Cotton Textile Industry contributes nearly 30% of the value of exports, and employs more than 55 million labors.
Answer. Cotton is one of the important cash crops and the most important raw material for the textile industry. Cotton and cotton textile industriesare engines of economic growth in both developed and developing countries. A revolution on cotton production is occurring in many developing countries.
Cotton is one of the most important fiber and cash crop of India and plays a dominant role in the industrial and agricultural economy of the country. It provides the basic raw material (cotton fibre) to cotton textile industry.
What problems are faced by the cotton textile industry?
Four major problems faced by cotton textile mills in India.
Three problems faced by cotten textile industries in India are as follows : (i) power supply is erratic and machineries are back dated. (ii) Out put of labour is low. (iii) Facing stiff competition with the synthetic fibre industry.
Three problems faced by the Cotton textile indusrty in India are:
. But the weaving, knitting and processing units cannot use much of the high quality yarn that is produced in the country. are in fragmented smalt units, which cater to the local market. This mismatch is a major drawback for the industry.
Challenges in the textile sector:
The cotton textile industry of the country is thus facing both short-term and long-term problems. Former includes problems of high prices, shortage of raw materials, liquidity problems due to poor sales and accumulation of huge stocks due to poor demand in the market.
The textile industry is primarily concerned with the design, production and distribution of yarn, cloth and clothing. The raw material may be natural, or synthetic using products of the chemical industry.
In the first few decades of its existence, the Indian textile industry faced certain problems. One such problem was that of competition from imported goods. Being in its early years of development, the Indian textile industry found it difficult to compete with the cheap textiles imported from Britain.
It found difficult to complete with the cheap textiles imported from Britain. In most countries, government supported industrialisation by imposing heavy duties on imports. This eliminated competition and protected infant industries. The colonial government in India usually refused such protection to local industries.
In the first few decades of its existence, the textile factory industry in India faced many problems. It found it difficult to compete with the cheap textiles imported from Britain. In most countries, governments supported industrialisation by imposing heavy duties on imports.
In the early years of its development the Indian textile industry had faced folowing problems: (i)It found it difficult to compete with the cheap textiles imported from Britain. (ii)In most countries, governments supported industrialisation by imposing heavy duties on imports.
Answer. Jamdani is a fine muslin on which decorative motifs are woven on the loom, typically in grey and white. Often a mixture of cotton and gold thread was used, as in the cloth in this picture. The most important centres of jamdani weaving were Dacca in Bengal and Lucknow in the United Provinces.
Answer: The names of different textiles tell us about their histories. (i) The English term chintz comes from the Hindi word Chhint Chhint is a cloth with small and colourful flowery designs. (ii) Similarly, the word bandanna now refers to any brightly coloured and printed scraf for the head or neck.
Answer: Printing cotton cloths were called chintz, cossaes or khassa and bandanna. From the 1680s there started a craze for printed Indian cotton textiles in England and Europe mainly for their exquisite floral designs, fine texture and relative cheapness.
Answer: Agaria are a community from Chhattisgarh. They were the expert iron smelters in the Chhotanagpur plateau.
Jamdani is a fine muslin on which decorative motifs are woven on the loom, typically in grey and white. Often a mixture of cotton and gold thread is used.
“Jamdani is expensive since it requires dedicated work and special skills,” Hossain says, flicking a bejewelled hand over the peacock feather motif that the young woman works on. “My weavers don’t use patterns, they create only from memory.”
Whether figured or flowered, jamdani is a woven fabric in cotton. The pattern is not sketched or outlined on the fabric, but is drawn on a graph paper and placed underneath the warp. Jamdani is a fine muslin cloth on which decorative motifs are woven on the loom, typically in grey and white.
Muslin, plain-woven cotton fabric made in various weights. The better qualities of muslin are fine and smooth in texture and are woven from evenly spun warps and wefts, or fillings. They are given a soft finish, bleached or piece-dyed, and are sometimes patterned in the loom or printed.
The muslin is more breathable, BUT its not good for swaddling a strong baby. The 100% cotton sleepsack does a better job as a swaddling sleepsack but is slightly less breathable. Also, the 100% cotton one is softer than the 100% cotton muslin, but the muslin is supposed to soften with multiple washes over time.