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Is the jet stream a Rossby wave?

The northern jet stream is a river of fast-moving air that circles the northern hemisphere in the mid-latitudes. Jet-stream winds generally travel at the same latitude, but they can shift into a wave-like pattern, known as Rossby waves, where they meander from north to south and back again.

In which direction do jet streams generally travel?

Jet streams are relatively narrow bands of strong wind in the upper levels of the atmosphere. The winds blow from west to east in jet streams but the flow often shifts to the north and south. Jet streams follow the boundaries between hot and cold air.

What do Rossby waves do?

Rossby waves help transfer heat from the tropics toward the poles and cold air toward the tropics in an attempt to return atmosphere to balance. They also help locate the jet stream and mark out the track of surface low pressure systems.

What are the two main jet streams experienced in both hemispheres?

Both the northern and southern hemispheres of the Earth have their own jet streams, both polar and subtropical. Note also that a jet stream can occur anywhere where the air at upper levels is traveling at speeds greater than fifty eight miles per hour.

What causes the jet stream to dip?

The jet stream will get stronger if the warmer temperatures are to the south and the colder the air is to the north. This is why the jet stream strengthens and dips over the United States during the winter, while it weakens and retreats north into Canada during the heat of the summer.

Why does jet stream go west to east?

The reason that they most often move from west to east is due to the jet stream. Jet streams carry weather systems. Warmer tropical air blows toward the colder northern air. These winds shift west to east due to the rotation of the earth.

How fast is the jet stream?

80 to 140 miles per hour

Why are planes faster going east?

The reason for quicker flights while flying eastwards are jet streams. Put simply, they are fast-flowing, narrow air currents in the atmosphere found at high altitudes. Jet streams can be as strong as 80 to 140 miles per hour, going all the way up to 275 miles per hour.

Do birds fly in the jet stream?

Jet Stream (The river of upper altitude, high speed winds.) Songbird Migration Most occurs at these altitudes. Except during migration, most birds fly below this level.

How fast can a 747 fly?

about 570 miles per hour

How many hours can a 777 fly without refueling?

23 hours

Has a 747 ever broken the sound barrier?

A China Airlines 747 may have broken the sound barrier in an unplanned descent from 41,000 ft (12,500 m) to 9,500 ft (2,900 m) after an in-flight upset on 19 February 1985. It also reached over 5g.

Why is it illegal to break the sound barrier?

When an aircraft exceeds the speed of sound the air it displaces compresses into a shockwave. We know it as a “sonic boom” for the explosive noise that can be heard when it reaches the ground. In 1973 the U.S. outlawed civil supersonic flights over land for fear that sonic booms posed too great of a public nuisance.

Who broke Mach 3?

Captain Milburn G. Apt