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How is the subtropical jet stream formed?

So when Earth’s warmer air masses meet cooler air masses, the warmer air rises up higher in the atmosphere while cooler air sinks down to replace the warm air. This movement creates an air current, or wind. A jet stream is a type of air current that forms high in the atmosphere.

What lies along the subtropical jet stream?

Horse Low – Lies along the subtropical jet stream.

Which of these is a similarity between a polar and a subtropical jet stream?

Answer: The polar and subtropical jets are both westerly, meaning they come from the west and blow toward the east. Both jets move north and south with the seasons as the horizontal temperature fields across the globe shift with the areas of strongest sunlight.

What changes the jet stream?

The earth’s rotation is responsible for the jet stream as well. The motion of the air is not directly north and south but is affected by the momentum the air has as it moves away from the equator. The reason has to do with momentum and how fast a location on or above the Earth moves relative to the Earth’s axis.

How geostrophic winds are formed?

As the wind gains speed, the deflection increases until the Coriolis force equals the pressure gradient force. At this point, the wind will be blowing parallel to the isobars. When this happens, the wind is referred to as geostrophic.

What is the main reason for surface winds on Earth?

The wind is caused by differences in atmospheric pressure. When a difference in atmospheric pressure exists, air moves from the higher to the lower pressure area, resulting in winds of various speeds. On a rotating planet, air will also be deflected by the Coriolis effect, except exactly on the equator.

What are surface winds called?

In meteorology, prevailing wind in a region of the Earth’s surface is a surface wind that blows predominantly from a particular direction. The dominant winds are the trends in direction of wind with the highest speed over a particular point on the Earth’s surface.